In the recent study, the subjects included 11 extremely obese teens with type 2 diabetes who underwent gastric bypass (stomach-stapling) surgery and 67 obese teens who were treated with medication for their type 2 diabetes. In 10 of those who had surgery, all symptoms of diabetes quickly disappeared. The response was so fast that diabetes medication could often be stopped even before they left the hospital following surgery.
One year later, the stomach-stapled adolescents had lost 34 percent of their body weight, on average. The teens who had received only medication had no weight change, and were all still being medicinally treated for diabetes. Those who had surgery also exhibited improvements in blood pressure, cholesterol and triglyceride readings.
“The results have been quite dramatic, and, to our knowledge, there are no other anti-diabetic therapies that result in more effective and long-term control than that seen with bariatric surgery,” said Thomas Inge, director of the Cincinnati Children’s Surgical Weight Loss Program for Teens. Inge and his team said that more research is necessary to track the long-term health of the adolescents who participated in the study.