Eating a Variety of Fruit Reduces the Risk of Lung Cancer

You've heard that an apple a day keeps the doctor away, but a recent study finds that when it comes to preventing lung cancer, those apples should be joined by peaches, pears, and plums. Health and nutrition are clearly linked, especially when it comes to the prevention of cancer. It has long been established that eating five portions of fruit and vegetables a day is a recommended way of preventing cancer. A recent study European EPIC study found that not just the quantity of fruits consumed but also the variety is important; eating a varied diet of fruit can reduce the risk of lung cancer by 23%. This study was presented by María José Sánchez Pérez the director of the Granada Cancer Registry at the Andalusian School of Public Health.

This study was published in the journal of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. It shows that eating "more than eight sub-groups" of vegetables cuts the risk of developing lung cancer by 23% compared with eating "less than four sub-groups.”  María José Sánchez Pérez, co-author of the study said that, "Aside from the amount consumed, it's also important to take into account the variety. A varied diet reduces the risk of developing this cancer, above all in smokers." The risk among smokers of developing epidermoid carcinoma of the lung falls by 12%.

The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) involves 23 centres from 10 European countries (Germany, Denmark, Spain, France, Greece, Holland, Italy, Norway, the United Kingdom and Sweden, working with a sample of 500,000 European subjects (41,000 of whom live in the Spanish regions of Asturias, Granada, Guipúzcoa, Murcia and Navarre).

The researchers stressed however that the most effective way of reducing the risk of lung cancer was quitting smoking. Whether or not someone is a smoker having a diet rich in a variety of fruits and vegetables is a good first step to health.
Sources: SINC, FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology


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