AMD is one of the leading causes of vision loss across the world especially in those in the age bracket of 65-75. A degeneration of a part of the retina occurs and is common when a person is exposed to AMD risk factors. Even so, some people develop the disease without some of the risk factors. Typical risk factors include obesity, smoking, and high blood pressure. Medics and scientists have been working hard to come up with effective treatment of the disease, but there has been no success for dry type AMD. However, there is Mainstream Treatment for AMD wet type which prevents the progress and severity of the disease. Patients with wet AMD develop macula oedema suffer from eye hemorrhage because of a breakdown of blood retinal barrier, due to fluid accumulation within the retina at the macular area.
Laser treatment of wet-type AMD is a mainstream treatment that focuses a high energy light beam in small busts, which are subjected to the damaged retina in hemorrhage eye. The treatment is carried out in a way that seals leaking blood vessels and only takes a few minutes when compared to other treatments. It doesn't hurt because anesthetic drops are put on the eye to numb it and to dilate the pupil so that a contact lens can be placed against the eye. A slight pain maybe felt when placing contact lens but it disappears after a short while, because patients are given painkillers. Should the pain persist after 24 hours, never hesitate to contact the physician.
After a laser treatment, patients may have blurry eyes for a short while but it does not interfere with one's vision. Other changes in night, color and in the field of vision may occur. Other treatments for AMD include photodynamic therapy and this helps to reduce the levels of cloudy vision in AMD patients. Remember, AMD can affect either one eye or two. For this reason, one may have blurry vision in one eye or both eyes blurred vision. It is a 3 monthly treatment that involves an infusion of visudyne for 10 minutes, then a cool laser for 83 seconds. It is as simple and as fast as that. The treatment is carried out carefully so as to avoid contact of medicine with the exposed parts of the skin including hands, head and the eyes for 48 hours after treatment.
Lack of proper and essential nutrients in the body including minerals, vitamin A, C and E exposes a person to risk of AMD and scotomas of age related macular degeneration. Therefore, the disease can be managed by taking a balanced diet and nutritional supplements. They cannot cure the disease completely nor restore vision, but they play a crucial role in helping to reduce disease complications or advanced AMD. Macugen, lecentis and Avastin are also some of the latest treatments for wet AMD although there is no treatment that has been proven effective in the treatment of AMD. They say prevention is better than cure; therefore, it is vital to avoid AMD risk factors especially smoking and overweight -- because they are simply avoidable.