Macular degeneration is an eye disease which mainly affects the retinal and causes visual loss in older people. Its effects can be severe – some individuals may experience complete visual loss or distortion. A typical symptom is a distortion of the central vision when one starts to see bent or crooked lines instead of straight lines. When macular eye degeneration occurs in young people it is referred to as macular dystrophy.
Macular degeneration can occur slowly or rapidly. If the disease occurs rapidly, it is mainly because the tiny blood vessels in the eye have formed or burst which causes damage to the cells of the macula. This process is referred to as wet macula degeneration. Dry macula degeneration develops slower but can lead to extreme damage of the macula cells.
Blurry vision is the main symptom of macula degeneration and can be described as the lack of complete sharpness of vision. An individual with blurred eye vision will be noticed when one fails to see things as they really are – objects will appear fuzzy. Sometimes objects may appear clear, but flashing light or floating spots will blur the vision. Normally, the main causes of eye blurred vision which are near or farsightedness, which is medically corrected through the use of glasses or contact lenses. Sometimes blurred eye vision indicates the possibility of an eye disorder which requires immediate medical treatment.
Other symptoms of macular degeneration include the following:
Drusen can be described as the small yellow or white deposit which occurs under the retina. When the drusen enlarges, it indicates an increased risk of getting the disease, especially as one ages. Drusens can be either hard or soft. Hard drusens are the types which are less harmful. They are very small and round in shape and are made of fats and calcium. While, soft drusens are larger, pale yellow and mainly associated with blurred vision. Lastly, they may cause the Retinal Pigment Epithelium (RPE) to separate with other parts bordering the retina.
Straight-lines or an object which an individual sees, appearing wavy or bent is another symptom of macular degeneration. Hence, if you experience these signs, you should visit your ophthalmologist and get immediate treatment before you experience complete blurred eye vision.
A central scotoma is a dark or blank spot that appears in the central part of eye vision. Therefore, it is difficult to read or recognize people’s faces properly.
Difficulty in Distinguishing Colors
Distinguishing colors is another symptom associated with macular degeneration. An individual experiencing this condition and with blurred vision eye may be able to know the difference between black and navy blue, red and brown and other example combinations of these colors.
Finally, if you are affected by macular degeneration, you may not experience any pain even if – even as vision is lost. But if you do notice any of these signs, it is important to consult an ophthalmologist for examination and possible treatment.