Surgical Treatments For Parkinsons Disease
Parkinson’s disease affects many individuals over fifty. There is no medication that has been known to ‘cure’ the condition; the medication can alleviate the symptoms that the individual suffering from the condition exhibits, but it cannot dispel the root cause. However, there are situations where the motor fluctuations in individuals may not effectively be taken care of by medications. In such situations, Parkinson’s surgery is a possible treatment option.
Deep Brain Stimulation is recognized as the key surgical treatment option for Parkinson’s Disease. In this option, a wire is implanted in the patient’s brain. The wire is linked to a battery that is programmable. This battery is implanted on the wall of the chest subcutaneously. A major advantage of Deep Brain Surgery is that it can be reversed. In addition, it allows for optimization of the stimulation site by the post-operative programming. However, the process is very costly.
Parkinson’s surgery should be offered to patients who are generally fit and display L-dopa-induced dyskinsea, relentless motor fluctuations, or both. Also, how the patient will respond to surgery sometimes can be predicted by how they respond to levodopa. During the sub-thalamic nucleus stimulation surgery, the patient remains conscious. Thalamic surgery such as Deep Brain Stimulation is only considered in instances where the patient has disabling tremors that are not put down by levodopa. The surgery maynot significantly enhance the response of the patient to levodopa.
There are several potential problems associated with Deep Brain Surgery for Parkinson’s. Some patients experience a worsening of the symptoms like impairment of speech and balance. Other complications include cerebral atrophy.
Even when surgery is used to treat advanced stages of Parkinson’s disease, it is imperative that an individual incorporates other behavioral changes, including establishing good nutrition and avoiding stress when possible. Exercise is also a good therapeutic component but should be in line with the changing levels of energy.