Parkinson disease is a long-term disease which affects the brain of a person. The person suffering from the disease experiences difficulty in coordinating voluntary muscle activities in the body; functions like walking, eating and speaking become a hassle for these peoples. Parkinson can be caused by other diseases apart from the disease itself or from medication; such types of the disease are called secondary Parkinsonisms. The disease comes about as a result of the brain cells necessary for making dopamine being destroyed over time. The dopamine is responsible for communication between the brain and the muscles. When it is not available, the body loses functional control of the muscles.
There are many signs for the onset of the disease. At the initial stages, the signs of Parkinson materialize gradually. The people may start by feeling weak, slowing down in speech delivery and getting tired easily. The people’s handwriting may also change. The early signs of Parkinson’s may also point out to some other diseases or disorders like stress> When people notice them, it is important that they go to a physician to get checked. Most people usually ignore these signs and assume that they are simply growing older.
The signs of Parkinson disease gradually get worse with time; the person is unable to perform most of the functions that they used to do. Specific Parkinson symptoms include leg tremors, stiffness in the body, uncontrollable shaking, difficulty in walking through doors and difficulty in lifting the legs. Tremors will occur at first on the hands and feet> As the disease progresses, these early signs of Parkinson spread to other parts of the body including to the limbs, neck and head. The tremors can also be associated with many other diseases but in the case of the Parkinson’s, the tremors stop when people voluntarily move.
Another sign of Parkinsonism is rigidity in the muscles. It is normally not easy for people to notice that they are becoming rigid until someone else points it out to them. Poor coordination and balance is one of the early signs of Parkinson disease. People may find themselves not able to coordinate their hand eye activity and may also not be able to hold things as they used to. The people also may have difficulty in walking and need to hold on to stationary objects for stability.
A person may also have a problem with the range of movement, a problem with initiating a movement or controlling slow movements. The sufferer of the disease may walk with shuffling motions without being able to lift their legs. The people will also experience a burning sensation in the limbs, a feeling of restlessness even though they may be physically tired and a feeling of pain in the affected areas. Occasionally, the sufferer will experience numbness in their limbs.