At the present, there are neither blood nor laboratory tests which have been developed for the diagnosis of the Parkinson Disease. To determine whether a patient is suffering from this condition, the doctors rely on the medical history, symptoms as well as some neurological system function tests. This essentially means that it is not easy to make positive diagnosis of the disease especially at its early stages of development. In most cases, the early symptoms of this disease are dismissed as ageing effects because it is characterized by memory loss, stiffness and numbness of body parts and joints and generally feeling unwell.
To diagnose this disease, the physicians require observation of the patient for quite sometime and they may request for CT scans or MRI so as to rule out the possibility of other diseases which present the same or similar symptoms. Early diagnosis of any diseases including Parkinson’s disease is the surest way of dealing with the problem before it has advanced. At the most advanced stages, even the treatable and curable diseases may not respond to treatment leading to death or if the treatment is available it is likely to be for long time and expensive.
The Parkinson Disease Prognosis
Parkinson disease prognosis refers to what to expect if you are diagnosed with this disease. It is usually very difficult for most people to be informed that they are suffering from medical condition in which there is no well established method or procedure of treatment.
Generally speaking, Parkinson Disease is not in itself a very fatal disease at the early stages but it may turn so at its advanced stages. The good news about the Parkinson’s disease prognosis is that your life expectancy is almost the same as that of the person who is not affected by the disease.
Studies on how the disease occurs and develops tend to show that it can occasionally develop in young people. So everyone is generally at risk. At the advanced stages, the Parkinson disease can cause complications such as pneumonia, choking and involuntary falls which may cause death. Fortunately, there are various treatments options to counter the effects and symptoms of this disease.
The disease can develop quickly in some people or gradually in others. In some people it can take as long as 20 years before it clearly manifests itself. In Parkinson’s prognosis, it is very difficult to determine the exact cause of action in which the disease is likely to take in an individual. The commonly used method of determining the progression of the symptoms of this disease is called the HOEHN AND YAHR STAGING which sub divides Parkinson Disease development in to five stages as follows:
Stage one: PD symptoms show on only one side of body.
Stage two: Symptoms show on both sides of body but there is no balance impairment.
Stage three: There is balance impairment combined with mild to moderate PD disease symptoms. The patient can walk, talk and stand without assistance.
Stage four: At this stage, the patient suffers serious disability but can still walk and stand without assistance.
Stage five: At this stage, the patient has to be bedridden all the time and has to be assisted in every activity.